In the early 1700s, conflict developed between the Pennsylvania colony and the Maryland colony. The dispute over the land border turned into a war in 1730, and finally, in 1738, King George II managed to negotiate a cease-fire. Shortly after, Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon arrived from England to mark an official border, ending the conflict.
Today, a different type of activity is taking place along the Mason-Dixon Line – and it involves plenty of wine and food. The Mason-Dixon Wine Trail, involving 14 wineries, is just one of the activities in York County, Pennsylvania. Situated just north of Maryland, York County was created in 1749.
The county seat, York, predates the county by about eight years. It is one of the largest cities in Pennsylvania and is considered a prime example of Colonial architecture. York is home to several well-preserved historic buildings, including the York Meeting House, dating to 1766 and the Golden Plough Tavern, built in 1741. Colleges in York include the Art Institute of York-Pennsylvania, Penn State York, and York College of Pennsylvania.
York is the only major city in York County, but the county includes several boroughs and townships. Among the boroughs are Manchester, Dover, Franklintown, Hanover, Lewisberry, Loganville, New Salem, Red Lion, Shrewsbury, Windsor, and York Haven. Townships include Hellam, Fawn, Hopewell, Penn, Newberry, Manchester, Springfield, and Warrington.