Anne Arundell was born sometime around 1615 to a prominent English family. In 1628 at the age of 13, she married Lord Baltimore, the founder of the Province of Maryland colony. They had nine children, three of which survived into adulthood. She died in 1649 at about 34 years old. Anne Arundel County is named for her – the county separated from St. Mary’s County a year after her death.
Anne Arundel County is woven into the fabric of American history. In 1655, long before the American Revolution, Puritans and forces loyal to Lord Baltimore clashed in the Battle of Severn. During the Revolutionary War, Anne Arundel County sent troops for three regiments. Today, walking through the cities and towns located in the county, the architecture that dots the landscape is both beautiful and significant. There are over 100 sites listed on the National Register of Historic Places, including 12 National Historic Landmarks. Sites include All Hallows Church in Edgewater, built in 1710. The Annapolis National Cemetery in Annapolis was established in 1862 by Abraham Lincoln for those killed during the Civil War. The Artisan’s House in Annapolis was built in the early 1700s and is believed to have been used as barracks for troops during the Revolutionary War.
Annapolis, the county seat, was founded in 1649. It is located on the Chesapeake Bay near the Severn River. It is about halfway between Baltimore and Washington, DC. Its long history includes a brief stint as the US capital, from 1783 to 1784. The Maryland State House, built in 1772, is the oldest state house in continuous use in the nation. It has seen some amazing events, including being the site where George Washington resigned his commission as chief of the Continental Army in 1783, six years before he was elected the first US President. The Treaty of Paris was signed here in 1784, ending the Revolutionary War.
While honoring and respecting the past, Anne Arundel County is also leading the way into the future. This is a busy county with many residents working in Baltimore, Washington DC, and Annapolis. The Baltimore-Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport is located here, as is part of the Maryland Transit Administration’s Light Rail System. The MARC commuter rail has several stops in the county, as well.
Anne Arundel County is home to St. John’s College and the United States Navel Academy. Communities include Highland Beach, Arden-on-the-Severn, Crofton, Crownsville, Cape Saint Claire, Green Haven, Hanover, Mayo, Parole, Severna Park, and South Gate.